6.ª Feira 10.07.2009

11:30 – 12:50
Sala B201


The Tiebout Hypothesis and Local Governments Specialization: The Case of Greater Porto.
Costa, José
Fernandes, Ruben
Universidade do Porto

According to the model of “voting with the feet” households tend to move to jurisdictions where public and merit goods offered best correspond to their preferences. An important implication of this model is that we should be able to observe an increasing homogeneity of households concerning their preferences for local public/merit goods as well as a progressive specialization of local governments concerning the goods they provide. The Portuguese case is interesting because local governments only after 1974 had the possibility to differentiate the combination of local public goods and local merit goods they provide. Because the learning process by local governments and households takes time, it is expectable that differentiation of local jurisdictions is a progressive process. To determine if there is empirical evidence of this progressive specialization is the major motivation of this study we test for Greater Porto if there is evidence supporting the voting with the feet hypothesis.

Deza, Xavier
López, Manuel
Universidad de Santiago de Compostela

En este artículo se analizan los patrones de localización de los servicios a empresas intensivos en conocimiento (SEIC) en España a la luz de las más recientes contribuciones teóricas. Los SEIC agrupan una serie de actividades que han experimentado un fuerte crecimiento en los últimos años en la economía europea entre las que se encuentran los servicios informáticos, las actividades de consultoría diversa e ingeniería así como los servicios de I+D. Nuestra intención es obtener información sobre los grados de concentración y especialización regional de dichas actividades y como éstos han evolucionado en los último años. Los resultados apuntan a que estas actividades muestran una elevada concentración en el territorio español donde la capital madrileña emerge como una región fuertemente especializada en estos servicios. Sin embargo, también se encuentran evidencias de una cierta tendencia temporal a la dispersión o difusión espacial de las mismas.

The influence of government cash-transfer programs on internal migration in Brazil
Silveira-Neto, Raul (
Federal University of Pernambuco
Azzoni,Carlos (
University of São Paulo

The study investigates the impacts of cash-transfers to poor families on internal migration in Brazil. We use the propensity score to match cash-transfer recipients to other similar individuals. We then apply a bivariate probit model to estimate the probability of a beneficiary of the program being simultaneously a migrant. The results indicate that the cash-transfers from the Bolsa Família program contribute to reduce migration of individuals from the poor regions to the rich areas, but do not seem to create enough incentives to make individuals already living outside their state of birth to return home.

Paradigms and Development Strategies: “Portugal Logistico”
Macário, Rosário (
CESUR – Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon Technical University

In May 2006 the Portuguese government launched a sketch of a plan designated by “Portugal Logístico” with the declared objective of improving the competitiveness of national Transport infrastructures, promote the Atlantic ports and the efficiency of the logistic sub-system supporting the productive chains. This initiative substantially changes the paradigm and development strategy of the support infrastructures that serve the logistic sector. However, given the dimension and territorial exposure of the logistic chains it is indispensable these strategies are thought at Iberian scale and not only at national level, considering also the development strategies of Spain. Missing this reality means taking an additional risk of promoting destructive competition between the several platforms that fight for a small hinterland.